№1 студенти освіта в україні

Ex.1 Read and learn by heart the words and word combinations.

To be ensured- гарантувати, забезпечувати

by the broad development – завдяки широкому розвитку

pre-school education – дошкільна освіта

secondary education — середня освіта

vocational education — професійна освіта( за певними напрямками)

higher education – вища освіта

post-graduate courses — аспірантура

doctorate courses — докторат

improving qualification courses – підвищення кваліфікації

beyond-the-school education- заочне навчання (дистанційне)

self-education — самоосвіта

institutions – заклади

nursery schools – яслі (молодші групи дитсадка)

obligatory — обов’язкове

to comprise – охоплювати ,містити в собі

compulsory — — обов’язкове

to attend — відвідувати

to enter higher educational institutions – вступати до вишів

to offer — пропонувати

departments — факультети

to confer – дарувати, присвоювати вчений ступінь

scientific research work – науково-дослідницька робота

to be engaged – бути занятим чимось

discoveries — відкриття

degrees of higher education – ступені вищої освіти

refresher course. – курси підвищення кваліфікації

Ex. 2 Read the text, summarize the information and speak about the system of education in Ukraine

The educational system of Ukraine

In Ukraine according to the «The Low on Education» every citizen of Ukraine has the right to education which is guaranteed by the Constitution and ensured by the broad development of the following stages of education: pre-school education, secondary education, vocational education, higher education, post-graduate courses, doctorate courses, improving qualification courses, beyond-the-school education, self-education.

Children usually go to school at the age of 6 or7. There are some pre-school institutions, like nursery schools or kindergartens, but they are not obligatory. Primary forms comprise 1 to 4 forms. In Ukraine the education; is compulsory for all children between the age of 6 to 15. Mainly all schoolchildren attend state schools, where education and equipment are free.

Secondary education gives a general education. Junior secondary forms comprise 5 to 9 forms. There are specialized classes, gymnasiums, lyceums for talented children. After the 9th form children can enter technical schools of different types giving vocational education. Those who want to enter higher educational institutions should complete 10-11 forms. Students can also enter higher educational institutions after graduating from specialized colleges or lyceums. They prepare students in different fields, whether the humanities or the sciences. Some of them are organized under the authorities of higher educational establishments.

The system of higher education is presented by universities, polytechnic institutes or specialized institutes. Universities offer a five-year course of study and usually have from six to twelve departments. Institutes train specialists for industry, agriculture and economy. Most of them have been conferred the status of Academy or University recently. Students are also offered post-graduate education and scientific research work. Nowadays due to the state of our national economy not many young people are engaged in the research work.

But still in some fields of science there are outstanding discoveries and research papers. Some universities and institutes have refresher courses.

There are the following degrees of higher education: bachelor degree (usually after four years of study); qualification of specialist (after five years of study and a diploma project); master degree (after master’s postgraduate courses); candidate degree (after theses defended); the degree of a doctor of science (after the second, more important theses defended).

Ex.3 Answer the following questions

1. What stages of education is guaranteed by the Constitution and ensured by the broad development every citizen of Ukraine?

2. What does system of secondary education in Ukraine include?

3. At what age do children go to school?

4. What is system of higher education presented by?

5. Whom do the institutes train?

6. Do we have private educational establishments in Ukraine?

7. What is the difference between the private and state schools?

8. What degrees of higher education are there in Ukraine?

Ex.4 Translate into Ukrainian.

Education is rooted in very old traditions reaching back to the pagan times…

In the 16th-18th centuries, an increasing number of schools were set up by national religious-educational communities “Brotherhoods”, for instance, in Lviv (1585), in Kyiv(1615), in Lutsk (1620). The Greek-Slavonic-Latin Collegium, Ukraine’s first institution of higher learning, was founded in Ostroh in 1576.

At the turn of the 18-th century the level of public literacy placed Ukraine ahead of a number of Western and Eastern European countries.

The first universities appeared in Lviv (1661), Kharkiv (1805), Kyiv (1834), and in Odessa (1865). Later, “specialized institutes” were opened for training industrial, railroad engineers, agronomists, physicians and specialists in other fields.

Ex.5 Translate into English

1. Система середньої освіти в Україні включає початкову школу, середні та старші класи.

2. Діти звичайно йдуть до школи у віці шести чи семи років.

3. Після дев’ятого класу учні можуть вступати до різних технікумів.

4. ті хто хочуть вступати до вищих навчальних закладів, повинні закінчити десятий і одинадцятий класи.

5. Студенти також можуть вступати до вищих навчальних закладів після спеціалізованих коледжів чи ліцеїв.

6. Вони готують студентів у різних галузях як гуманітарних, так і природних наук.

7. Деякі з коледжів організуються при вищих навчальних закладах.

8. Система вищої освіти представлена університетами, політехнічними інститутами, спеціалізованими інститутами.

9. В університетах курс навчання п’ять років, там за звичай від шести до дванадцяти факультетів.

10. Інститути готують фахівців для промисловості, сільського господарства й економіки.

11. Студенти можуть вступити до аспірантури, займатися науково-дослідницькою роботою.

12. При деяких університетах та інститутах є курси підвищення кваліфікації.